What data is expected?
A database of postcodes/zipcodes and the corresponding spatial locations in terms of a latitude and a longitude (or similar coordinates in an openly published national coordinate system). If a postcode/zipcode system does not exist in the country, please submit a dataset of administrative borders. Data submitted in this category must satisfy the following minimum conditions
- Coordinate (latitude longitude)
- national level
updated once a year
- Boarders poligone
- name of poligone (city, neighborhood)
- national level
- updated once a year
What data is available
- Openly licensed? No(Here)
- Is the data available for free? Yes
- Is the data machine readable? Yes (CSV)
- Available in bulk? Yes
- Is the data provided on a timely and up to date basis? Yes
- Publicly available? No(as BAN National address database (version ODBL) published by IGN & La Poste & OSM France)
- Is data in digital form? Yes
- Is the data available online? Yes (Here)
- Does the data exist? Yes
NEW COMMENT FROM CMFG (ETALAB) :
The national address database (BAN) fulfills the requirements to a larger extent as it gives coordinates for all addresses including their zipcodes. It exists in two versions of the base and the first one is the one that is taken into account in this submission (and not in the previous one). We believe this BAN ODBL version can be accepted as an official source because: - A link to the ODBL version of the BAN, distributed by OSM France, is provided on an official & governmental website: https://adresse.data.gouv.fr/download/ (second link at the bottom of the page) according to the terms of the official BAN convention signed between IGN, La Poste, Etalab and OSM France http://openstreetmap.fr/f/Convention%20BAN%2015%20avril%202015%20SCAN%20SIGNE.pdf - the data have the same source than the second version mentionned in the previous comment and is formated at and by Etalab (Prime Minister office for open data and open gov)
PREVIOUS COMMENT FROM REGARDS CITOYENS :
The previously registered "Base officielle des codes postaux" by La Poste https://www.data.gouv.fr/fr/datasets/base-officielle-des-codes-postaux/ does not match the new requirements as it only provides openly an association of zipcodes with ciies. Some cities have multiple zipcodes, so even by associating the data with the opened administrative borders database GEOFLA http://professionnels.ign.fr/geofla, we would not be able to get coordinates corresponding to zipcodes.
Although another database could fulfill the requirements to a larger extant : the national address database BAN that gives coordinates for all addresses including their zipcodes. Unfortunately it exists under two different versions:
- one fully opendata provided by OpenStretMap France http://openstreetmap.fr/ban which is not accepted as a a relevant source here, so we reviewed the following official on
- one free of charge but under a non OpenDefinition compliant license http://www.savoirscom1.info/2015/04/ouverture-de-la-base-dadresses-nationale-ban-la-fete-gachee-par-une-licence-piege/ by the national geographic institute IGN and the postal service La Poste http://adresse.data.gouv.fr/download/
The latter dataset named "Base Adresse Nationale" requires registration for direct download and is supplied after form registration under a closed license (see http://www.savoirscom1.info/2015/04/ouverture-de-la-base-dadresses-nationale-ban-la-fete-gachee-par-une-licence-piege/ for a complete legal analysis).
Reviewing the location theme for France was not an easy task due to the intricate situation created by the existence of 2 official datasets, one belonging to the National Post and one created in collaboration with other gov departments and with OpenStreetMap France. One significant difference that we need to point out to is the different licensing of the 2: the dataset build in collaboration with OSM has a ODbL license, and the other one has a specific license. The latter is a restrictive proprietary license (http://adresse.data.gouv.fr/static/pdf/BAN%20Licence%20de%20repartage.pdf). An analysis made by the civil society can be found here (http://www.savoirscom1.info/2015/04/ouverture-de-la-base-dadresses-nationale-ban-la-fete-gachee-par-une-licence-piege/).
It clearly shows a situation that has the potential to generate a multitude of legal, but not only, issues that could significantly hider the access to the reuse of this information. The index has been constructed taking into account the various issues that arise from the mentioned situation, from license, to quality of data, from coverage to the entities and their official role in building this dataset. We would also like to mention that we recognize the high quality of the dataset built in collaboration with OpenStreetMap and that we applaud this open-mindedness. However, for this wonderful initiative to be truly productive and without a doubt a pillar in the base data of France, we consider that significant steps must be made in the direction of dissolving this complicated situation.
- Codrina Maria Ilie
- Claire-Marie Foulquier-Gazagnes