Open Knowledge

Legislation 100% open

United States

What data is expected?

This data category requires all national laws and statutes available to be available online, although it is not a requirement that information on legislative behaviour e.g. voting records is available. To satisfy this category, the following minimum criteria must be met:

  • Content of the law / status
  • If applicable, all relevant amendments to the law
  • Date of last amendments
  • Data should be updated at least on quarterly

What data is available

  •   Openly licensed? Yes(Here)
  •   Is the data available for free? Yes
  •   Is the data machine readable? Yes (XML)
  •   Available in bulk? Yes
  •   Is the data provided on a timely and up to date basis? Yes
  •   Publicly available? Yes(as The U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO) is the Federal Government’s official, digital, secure resource for producing, procuring, cataloging, indexing, authenticating, disseminating, and preserving the official information products of the U.S. Government. published by US Government Printing Office)
  •   Is data in digital form? Yes
  •   Is the data available online? Yes (Here)
  •   Does the data exist? Yes


The link provided is to bulk XML data for United States Code provided by Office of the Law Revision Counsel for US House of Representatives. Data made available since July 2013 (see this announce

Regarding open licensing we assume that the US Code is public domain. In addition no copyright assertion is mentioned on the site and the site is run by the Library of Congress and one would anticipate is subject to standard public domain provisions (though there is a legal section whose copyright portion is unfortunately rather unenlightening -

There is a variety of additional (machine-readable) data from a variety of sources not least the new website (which will be completely replacing from November 2013). Other resources include: - Bulk data from the GPO in XML format including Congressional Bills, Commerce Business Daily etc. (Does not seem to be updated since Jan 2013). Announced Jan 10 2013 - see - The full US Code on the GPO at: (PDF) - The Federal Register which includes "Regulations are issued by federal agencies, boards, or commissions [which] explain how [an] agency intends to carry out a law." (Data is provided in HTML, CSV and JSON and there is a full API - see and - Resources listed on including (which includes XML versions of laws being considered) and House floor activities at In addition it is worth noting various unofficial sites that provide excellent material such as: - - It may also be interesting to read how expensive some of this material once was, see e.g. Carl Malamud's comments in

Reviewer comments

The submission is correct.



  • Kamil Gregor


  • anonymous