Open Knowledge

Legislation 49% open (avg.)

Ranked #3 against other datasets in the Index (avg.)
The Index average ranking for Legislation is up from #4 in 2014

About

This data category requires all national laws and statutes available to be available online, although it is not a requirement that information on legislative behaviour e.g. voting records is available. To satisfy this category, the following minimum criteria must be met:

  • Content of the law / status
  • If applicable, all relevant amendments to the law
  • Date of last amendments
  • Data should be updated at least on quarterly

Rank Place Breakdown Location (URL) Format Info Prev. (2014) Score
1 United Kingdom
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http://www.legislation.gov.uk/... XML, ... #1  100% 100%
1 United Kingdom

Legislation.gov.uk is a comprehensive public database of UK legislation maintained online by The National Archives, an executive agency of the Department for Culture, Media and Sport. The information is re-usable under the UK's Open Government Licence.

Machine-readable open data from Legislation.gov.uk is available through an API and as bulk downloads. PDF copies of legislation are also available in bulk.


1 Brazil
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http://dadosabertos.senado.gov... metada ... #33  45% 100%
1 Brazil

The LexML is a (governmental) "voluntary initiative", not an robot (like google) neither an "obligation", but is complete about Federal law, statutes and judgments.

LexML collection of legal metadata have only links to documents, today is not a full-text repository. This metadata includes official links (in general HTML converted-publication) and link to the Official Gazette (original online PDF).

There are no "oficial license", only "inferred license", based on official position about it (copyright law interpretation).

About "machine readable": the metadata is machine readable in XML via the web service, but the legal content in the links is HTML, with no semantic markup or structural conformity. Machine readability in this context is assumed to be referring to legislation metadata, not the legal content itself.

There are ~260000 documents described in metadata repository of Federal law, it is available in bulk. The URL and documentation is available at LexML's dataset page in the Senate's open data catalog.

About "timely and up to date basis": have all (precise) metadata, but "up to date" is not a precise criteria for enacting authorities – they are the metadata publishers.


More details: LexML sommary, Wikipedia's description

Credits due to Peter Krauss for submitting most of this information. Some further additions by Carlos Melo and Augusto Herrmann.


1 Romania
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http://legislatie.just.ro/Publ... TXT #33  45% 100%
1 Romania

On November, 12th, 2014, the Ministry of Justice launched a new legislative portal, which offers free online access to all legislation. The access is possible through the web interface or through the API.

By law, the data is not protected by copyright and can be re-used without any restrictions.

There is an API to that allow to download the data in bulk - https://github.com/govro/legislatie-just-python-soap-client


1 Taiwan
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http://law.moj.gov.tw/PublicDa... XML #12  75% 100%
1 Taiwan

It's a website above is belong to Ministry of Justice, and use to search the laws, date, legislative process.

  • English website: Link

Some legislative records belong to Legislative Yuan. and the gazette of the Legislative Yuan is here Link, but in all in zh-TW PDF files.


1 Finland
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http://www.ldf.fi/semantic-fin... RDF #19  70% 100%
1 Finland

No changes since 2013

The up-to-date legislation is available in web portal, but it was not not possible to download. See discussion (in Finnish) http://avoindata.net/210/saako-lainsaadannon-eli-finlexin-avoimena

Now it has been published as linked data. The semantic structure is still work in progress but data is now there and fully open.

OM on ollut viime vuodesta lähtien mukana Aalto-yliopiston Linked Data Finland - hankkeessa. Yhtenä hankkeen osana on lainsäädännön koneluettavan aineiston tuottaminen ja verkkopalvelun valmistelu. Hankkeen rahoitus ei ollut riittävä koko Finlexin uudistetun palvelun tuottamiseen, minkä vuoksi meillä on parhaillaan lisärahoitusta koskeva selvittely meneillään VM:n Avoimen hallinnon toimintaohjelman kanssa. Jotain on jo saatu julkiseen verkkoon ikäänkuin näyteaineistona. Viime viikon lopussa julkaistiin lainsäädäntö- ja oikeuskäytäntöaineistoista ensimmäinen aineistopaketti Linked Data Finland -hankkeen verkkosivuilla www.ldf.fi - osion nimi on hienosti Semantic Finlex ja sen tarkka osoite on http://www.ldf.fi/semantic-finlex.html Semanttista Finlexiä on siis tarkoitus viimeistellä lähikuukausien aikana.

No changes from 2014.

QA review - Data is in open license - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/


1 United States
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http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/bulkd... XML #1  100% 100%
1 United States

The link provided is to bulk XML data for United States Code provided by Office of the Law Revision Counsel for US House of Representatives. Data made available since July 2013 (see this announce http://www.speaker.gov/press-release/opengov-house-representatives-makes-us-code-available-bulk-xml).

Regarding open licensing we assume that the US Code is public domain. In addition no copyright assertion is mentioned on the site and the congress.gov site is run by the Library of Congress and one would anticipate is subject to standard public domain provisions (though there is a legal section whose copyright portion is unfortunately rather unenlightening - http://beta.congress.gov/legal/#copyright).

There is a variety of additional (machine-readable) data from a variety of sources not least the new Congress.gov website (which will be completely replacing http://thomas.loc.gov/ from November 2013). Other resources include: - Bulk data from the GPO in XML format including Congressional Bills, Commerce Business Daily etc. (Does not seem to be updated since Jan 2013). Announced Jan 10 2013 - see http://www.gpo.gov/pdfs/news-media/press/13news01.pdf - The full US Code on the GPO at: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionUScode.action?collectionCode=USCODE (PDF) - The Federal Register https://www.federalregister.gov/ which includes "Regulations are issued by federal agencies, boards, or commissions [which] explain how [an] agency intends to carry out a law." (Data is provided in HTML, CSV and JSON and there is a full API - see https://www.federalregister.gov/developers/api/v1 and https://www.federalregister.gov/blog/learn/developers) - Resources listed on http://speaker.gov/open including http://docs.house.gov/ (which includes XML versions of laws being considered) and House floor activities at http://clerk.house.gov/floorsummary/floor-download.aspx In addition it is worth noting various unofficial sites that provide excellent material such as: - https://www.govtrack.us/ - http://opencongress.org/ It may also be interesting to read how expensive some of this material once was, see e.g. Carl Malamud's comments in http://radar.oreilly.com/2009/03/bulk-data-downloads-government-transparency-breakthrough.html


7 Kenya
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http://www.kenyalaw.org:8181/e... XML, ... #6  90% 90%
7 Kenya

The primary format is XML. Acts and other pieces of legislation can be downloaded for free in different formats including PDF and DOC. Another viable and good source is the Kenya Parliament website: http://www.parliament.go.ke/ in pdf formats too. [According to Ahmed Maawy - No changes from 2013]

Kenya Gazettes from as far back as 2006 are also available in PDF format. Upon request, Code for Africa was able to obtain Kenya Gazettes from as far back as 1896. All of them live on the sourceAfrica platform (https://sourceafrica.net) currently.


7 Chile
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http://datos.bcn.cl/ HTML, ... #6  90% 90%
7 Chile

The information about all the national laws and statutes can easily be find in http://www.leychile.cl/Consulta


7 Qatar
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http://www.almeezan.qa/ HTML n/a 90%
7 Qatar

Al Meezan is the official legislation portal of Qatar. It provides timely updates of passed legislation in HTML and word format. The website uses a CC-BY licence. However, data cannot be downloaded in bulk.


7 Netherlands
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https://data.overheid.nl/data/... Webserv ... #6  90% 90%
7 Netherlands

Although the data download page at data.overheid.nl states the date of the data set is 26 March 2015, in reality if you download the metdata XML file, it will have a generation date of today. The data is updated daily. Only a dump of metadata is available in bulk, the actual legislative documents must be requested one-by-one. No historical revisions are available, only the latest consolidation.

Laws are also available through a web interface at http://wetten.overheid.nl/zoeken/

Update 2015: no changes apart from the date advertised on the data download page.


7 Korea, Republic of
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http://www.law.go.kr/ XML, ... #25  55% 90%
7 Korea, Republic of

The Korea Law Information Center (KLIC) provides information on Korean laws and regulations including administrative rules, local laws and regulations, and legal precedents, as well as laws in force and their histories. The data on the site is only available in DOC, PDF, and HWP (a file format for Korean word processor called Hangul), and it is not available in bulk. The KLIC provides Web APIs so I answered "yes" to the question regarding machine-readability. However, the Web APIs are only accessible after the registration so in terms of the Web APIs, the data is not publicly available.


7 Spain
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https://www.boe.es/legislacion... XML #12  75% 90%
7 Spain

The Law Seach facility on Boletin Oficial del Estado website allow to search for all the legislation available.

Each law entry could be downloaded in machine readable format (XML) but not in bulks. The data is provided timely and with with a license which allows re-use in the terms of the open definition.


7 Italy
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http://www.normattiva.it/ XML #6  90% 90%
7 Italy

The official repository of the law is Gazzetta Ufficiale but this is content format. An access in data format is available at Normattiva The web site offer the laws in xml format. There is no directly reference for a license, but, the owner of the service is "Istituto Poligrafico Zecca dello Stato" and this is in the list of the PAs.

Therefore, because in the terms of the code of civil administration (CAD), if a PA publishes a dataset without reference to any license, this is considered open data by default. The kind of license is specified on the guidelines for the public sector information made by the digital agency for italy (AgID). The default license is "cc-by 4.0"


7 Austria
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https://www.ris.bka.gv.at/defa... HTML, ... #6  90% 90%
7 Austria

Federal laws, regional laws, some regulation issued by municipalities, decisions of several regulators and governmental agencies and decisions of high-level courts are available at https://www.ris.bka.gv.at in HTML, PDF and Word format.

Aggregate data for bulk download of all federal law is made available through the government's open data portal: RIS - Bundesrecht konsolidiert. However, this archive is now several months behind the latest laws available on the RIS website, which is under Copyright and charges fees on some data extracts.


7 Germany
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http://www.gesetze-im-internet... HTML, ... #1  100% 90%
7 Germany

Laws are not subject to copyright as per §5 UrhG (German copyright act). According to the homepage of gesetze-im-internet.de and to govdata.de, the data can be used free of charge. "Die bereitgestellten Rechtsnormen sind in allen zur Verfügung gestellten Formaten zur freien Nutzung und Weiterverwendung zugänglich gemacht". The table of contents of gesetze-im-internet.de is available in bulk from https://www.govdata.de/suchen/-/details/gesetze-im-internet as one XML-file. http://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/gii-toc.xml Not all laws are provided timely, see https://www.google.com/search?q=site:gesetze-im-internet.de+%22noch+nicht+ber%C3%BCcksichtigt%22&espv=213&es_sm=93&biw=1920&bih=1043&ei=N6KEUqXBM8mYtAbP74G4DQ&start=0&sa=N


16 Japan
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http://law.e-gov.go.jp/cgi-bin... n/a #12  75% 75%
16 Japan

Seems no restriction for its use but not clear, but unified bulk data seems not available (you have to download them one by one). English translation of those laws are also available (http://www.japaneselawtranslation.go.jp/) but not always up-to-date.


16 Colombia
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http://www.secretariasenado.go... n/a #12  75% 75%
16 Colombia

Se evalúa como insegura la respuesta a la pregunta de disponibilidad en lotes, teniendo en cuenta que la normatividad es descargable de acuerdo a su interés. Siendo así cumpliría esta pregunta.


16 Moldova, Republic of
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http://legis.md/ n/a n/a #33  45% 75%
16 Paraguay
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http://digesto.senado.gov.py/i... HTML, ... #33  45% 75%
16 Paraguay

The Quality of the data is very well in respect of Content, because you can find the documents with a high level of granularity, this is, who proposed the law, when did it, the content of the documents, etc. About the structure, there are no structure of the data, there are not tabular format at all.

There is another link where the data is placed with more information about the actual status of the documents that are processed for subsequent enactment: http://sil2py.senado.gov.py/

Considering the license, all the Paraguayan laws are not subject to the Copyright law (Art. 8 Law 1328 1), which means that the content of the laws are public, and as by Art. 8, it requires attribution.

Information about technical and administrative contact: Name: Marcelo Ferreira Email: jmferreira@senado.gov.py Phone number: (595) 21 414 5817

Another contacts: Email: silpy@diputados.gov.py, asilva@senado.gov.py Phone number: (595) 21 414 4122, (595) 21 414.5901, (595) 21 414.5905

Reference:

1 http://digesto.senado.gov.py/ups/leyes/7003ley%201328-1998.doc


16 Kosovo
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http://gzk.rks-gov.net/default... n/a #12  75% 75%
16 Kosovo

Article 12 of Law No. 04/L-065 on copyright and related rights places public documents including laws in the public domain.


16 Oman
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http://www.mola.gov.om/ n/a #33  45% 75%
16 Oman

The data is available through a search engine in the Arabic language. Alternatively, the most recent laws can be accessed from the website of the Ministry of Legal Affairs of Oman at http://www.mola.gov.om/ Legal texts can be read in a PDF format, and can be accessed for free.

Laws in Oman are exempt from copyright protection, the second bullet point in the terms and conditions page confirm this. The terms and conditions can be viewed at this link: http://www.mola.gov.om/eng/websitepolicy.aspx


16 Argentina
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http://www.hcdn.gov.ar/ n/a #12  75% 75%
16 Argentina

The website for the National Congress contains up-to-date information about all legislative activity in different formats and different sections.

A local citizen initiative Congreso Interactivo is publishing a machine readable dataset: http://www.congresointeractivo.org/dataset-todas-las-votaciones-del-congreso-2001-2013/

And an API: http://billit.congresointeractivo.org


16 Indonesia
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http://ditjenpp.kemenkumham.go... n/a #12  75% 75%
16 Indonesia

Data can be found from official website Kementerian Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia Republik Indonesia http://ditjenpp.kemenkumham.go.id/ and all data are in PDF/HTML format so its not in digital format http://peraturan.go.id/search/cari.html?tahun[2015]=2015&tahun[2014]=2014&order_by=tahun_desc


24 France
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https://www.data.gouv.fr/fr/da... XML #19  70% 70%
24 France

Data are now available online and for free. Regarding the license, it is now openly licensed but still subject to the 2002-1064 decree http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000000413818 which, in theory, authorize the data owner to refuse to grant the license to a reuser. See http://rip.journal-officiel.gouv.fr/index.php/pages/juridiques


24 Kyrgyzstan
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http://kenesh.kg/RU/Folders/35... PDF n/a 70%
24 Kyrgyzstan

The parliament of the Kyrgyz Republic provides all the results of the voting on the laws ans current status of the laws. Additionally it is possible to see who voted for or against the new law.


24 Isle of Man
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n/a n/a #67  40% 70%
24 Isle of Man

All primary legislation is uploaded by the HM Attorney General's department (cloud hosted open source system as per Jersey) and all secondary legislation is uploaded by the IT department at the Isle of Man Parliament (cloud hosted Microsoft Sharepoint). All "live" primary legislation is available free online. All secondary legislation from 2000 is available free online and all earlier secondary legislation is available free by email (typically same day) -- all earlier secondary legislation will be uploaded in due course.

Since some of the legislation is not available online, we are marking it as 'unsure'. Bulk download of all legislations is not present.


27 Canada
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http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca... XML, ... #21  60% 60%
27 Canada

The data from the cited website is available in a good variety of formats including machine-readable XML but is not available in bulk (you cannot download the entire code at once easily). In terms of open licensing the Terms and Conditions at http://www.justice.gc.ca/eng/terms-avis/index.html indicate that non-commercial use is permitted but commercial use is not (you must apply for specific permission).

There is also the Parliamentary website at http://www.parl.gc.ca/LegisInfo/ which contains HTML and XML on legislation before Parliament. This material is not openly licensed - the Copyright's Page http://www.parl.gc.ca/ImportantNotices.aspx?Language=E states "The contents of this Web site are covered by the provisions of the Copyright Act and related regulations and international agreements. Permission to reproduce in whole or in part or otherwise use content on this Web site may be sought from the appropriate source." It also links in turn to Speaker Permission page http://www.parl.gc.ca/SpeakerPermission.aspx?Language=E which states "Reproduction of the proceedings of the House of Commons and its Committees, in whole or in part and in any medium, is hereby permitted provided that the reproduction is accurate and is not presented as official. This permission does not extend to reproduction, distribution or use for commercial purpose of financial gain".

(No change since 2014)


27 Ireland
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http://www.irishstatutebook.ie... HTML, PDF #21  60% 60%
27 Ireland

I have sent another note regarding bulk download and the licence. They did not get back to me last year so I have chanced bulk download to no.

YES - MACHINE READABLE, the data are available in PDF format and also html.

UNSURE: AVAILABLE IN BULK I have sent them a question, they now have mobile apps, which means it may possible via some sort of API? I have sent them a question. isb@propylon.com

NO: Open Licence, I have sent them a question, in the footer of the site the following is indicated "© Government of Ireland. Oireachtas Copyright Material is reproduced with the permission of the Houses of the Oireachtas". There is no licence information on the site.


27 Czech Republic
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http://portal.gov.cz/app/zakon... TXT #33  45% 60%
27 Czech Republic

The data are accessible online via a web browser and downloadable in PDF and TXT format. The acts can be only downloaded separately one at the time.

The licensing is a problem, since there is no license provision available. On one hand, texts of legislation are exempted from the copyright protection by law and are therefore free to be used. On the other hand, the administration is not a creator of consolidated versions of acts, which are later published online. New acts are valid only after they are published in the official Collection, which is official and binding only in the printed paper offline form. When an amendment of an act is enacted, it is a new act which only enumerates changes in the older act. The consolidated versions of acts are in the Czech Republic unofficial and created by private companies. As can be seen from the downloadable PDF files, the consolidated versions of acts for this dataset are provided by a company Wolters Kluwer Česká Republika. There probably are some sui generis database rights of Wolters Kluwer Česká Republika. The legal relationship between the administration and Walters Kluwer when it comes to this issue is not described. The current situation is therefore that anyone can access this unofficial online version of legislation, but this data set probably cannot be harvested due to the database rights.


30 Timor-Leste
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http://www.jornal.gov.tl/?q=no... n/a n/a 55%
30 Timor-Leste

All laws and resolutions of the Parliament are available under the Journal website. The file are in PDF format.


30 Saint Lucia
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http://www.saintluciaifc.com/l... n/a n/a 55%
30 Saint Lucia

Data was updated up to the year 2013.

Data is in pdf format and not machine readable.


30 Antigua and Barbuda
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http://laws.gov.ag/new/index.p... n/a n/a 55%
30 Antigua and Barbuda

Data is in pdf format and not machine readable.


30 St. Vincent & the Grenadines
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http://svgfsa.com/laws.html n/a n/a 55%
30 St. Vincent & the Grenadines

Most of the data provided are updated to 2011.

Data is in pdf format and not machine readable.


30 Jamaica
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http://moj.gov.jm/laws?title n/a #33  45% 55%
30 Jamaica

Data is in pdf format and not machine readable.


30 Nepal
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http://www.dop.gov.np/download... n/a #33  45% 55%
30 Nepal

Ministry of Law, Justice, Constituent Assembly and Parliamentary Affairs are responsive to these data.


30 India
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http://indiacode.nic.in/ n/a #1  100% 55%
30 India

All legislation /Acts are made by Parliament of India. India Code Information System contains all Central Acts of Parliament right from 1836 onwards which is available on http://indiacode.nic.in/welcome.htm . The Parliament of India comprises of Rajya Sabha & Lok Sabha, the upper house and lower house. The Lok Sabha secretariat and the Rajya Sabha secretariat publishes all its data starting from its members to the various legislative businesses on their respective websites. All the data published by secretariats have been meticulously compiled into a digital package by OGD India. The portal also provides data related to the various state legislative assemblies in India. The data on India Code Information System is open for public use. The websites of the Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha clearly mention in their terms and copyright that - "The material listed may be reproduced without formal permission for the purposes of non-commercial research, private study and for criticism, review and news reporting provided that the material is appropriately attributed." Plus OGD India also provides important data related to legislative business which is openly available at http://data.gov.in/catalogs/ministry_department/lok-sabha-secretariat, http://data.gov.in/catalogs/ministry_department/rajya-sabha and http://data.gov.in/catalogs?query=legislation&sort_by=search_api_relevance&sort_order=DESC&items_per_page=20. The data is openly licensed and open for further reuse. Both the Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha Secretariat update the information regarding the members and legislative business on a timely basis.


30 Bulgaria
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http://parliament.bg/bg/bills n/a #25  55% 55%
30 Bulgaria

The complete legislation is available mostly via a free web interface to proprietary legal information systems.

The State gazette provides pdfs (and some htmls) to the newly promulgated and amended laws and state ordinances. Also, RTF is an available format most of the time.

The laws are not subject to copyright in Bulgaria but the website does not carry a clear mention, thus preferrably error by stringency -- the data was considered non-open.


38 Mali
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http://www.sgg.gouv.ml HTML, PDF #68  35% 50%
38 Mali

Only data between 1994 and 2004 available.


39 Egypt
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http://www.ap.gov.eg/index.php... n/a #85  30% 45%
39 Egypt

All legislation are published as bulletin the Official Gazette which can be found at official administrative prosecution website. The data format is PDF. Last updated three months ago.

Reviewer's note - The site mentions that all rights are reserved to the Administrative Prosecution Authority.


39 Dominica
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http://dominica.gov.dm/laws-of... n/a n/a 45%
39 Dominica

A search has to be made based on either title or year.

Data is in pdf format and not machine readable.


39 Aruba
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http://www.overheid.aw/bestuur... n/a n/a 45%
39 Aruba

In Aruba a law is called an ordinance. An ordinance is a generally binding regulations containing decision jointly by the Government and the States taken by a procedure as described in the Constitution of Aruba. These ordinances are made available to the public via PDF files.

Copyright -" There exists regarding the contents of this website, subject to the legislation, no freedom of takeover; All copyrights, including those referred to in art. 1 of the Copyright Act (AB 2003 no. GT10) are reserved. This website is otherwise Aruban law"

Date of update is unknown.


39 Luxembourg
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http://eli.legilux.public.lu/ n/a n/a 45%
39 Luxembourg

HTML attributes make the data machine readable.

New site with legislation in RDF format planned for 2017.


39 Mexico
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http://www.diputados.gob.mx/Le... n/a #33  45% 45%
39 Mexico

Both Legislative Chambers, Diputados (http://www.diputados.gob.mx) and the Senate (http://www.senado.gob.mx) don't have machine readable and bulk data. Nonetheless, outside websites have built APIs and other scrapping-based information flows in order to gather and publish information in sites such as www.curul501.org and apps such as https://itunes.apple.com/mx/app/id625548107?mt=8. Other internal data standards, such as law taxonomy are either not public or don't exist. No license could be found which makes the data not open.

No change from 2013.

Actualización 2015: El estado de los datos no ha cambiado, la información solicitada en los criterios no existe y no hay una licencia clara para el uso de los datos.

Comment to the 2015 update: Legislation data in Mexico do exist, is publicly available, for free, available online, on a timely basis and in digital forms.

Datasets can be found in the following two sites: • Chamber of Representatives: http://www.diputados.gob.mx/LeyesBiblio/index.htm • Official Gazette: http://www.dof.gob.mx/#

Data in this sites is updated at a dainly basis, and specificially the Official Gazette, is by law, updated daily to show any amendment, change or publication of new or existing laws, regulations, and normativity in Mexico.


39 Ukraine
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http://zakon4.rada.gov.ua/laws... n/a n/a 45%
39 Ukraine

Every draft law (bylaw) and passed legislative acts are posted on the portal Laws of Ukraine. No PDF format available. Reuse of data is enforced by Copyright Rules.- "the Database is not designated for commercial use;"

License: http://zakon4.rada.gov.ua/laws/main/rules?lang=en


39 Jersey
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http://www.jerseylaw.je/ n/a n/a 45%
39 Jersey

legislation as enacted and as amended


39 Sweden
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https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/Do... n/a #33  45% 45%
39 Sweden

Unstructured text data for now. Plans to release linked open data has been around for years but not turned into practice.

It is not possible to open this link: http://62.95.69.15/sfs/sfst_form2.html


39 Bahrain
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http://www.legalaffairs.gov.bh... n/a n/a 45%
39 Bahrain

The Legislation and Legal Opinions Directorate posts the latest laws on its websites as soon as they get published in the Official Gazette. ( http://www.legalaffairs.gov.bh/71.aspx?cms=iQRpheuphYtJ6pyXUGiNqkizO3w1IVEN ) The website also provides an advanced law search engine ( http://www.legalaffairs.gov.bh/AdvancedSearch.aspx ).


39 Puerto Rico
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http://www.oslpr.org/v2/leyesp... n/a n/a 45%
39 Puerto Rico

The site is continuously updated.

QA reviewer - Bills are available in Spanish and English. There is a copyright notice on the website's terms of use. Lastly, the bills available in PDF and Word format, and are not machine readable.


39 Costa Rica
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http://www.pgrweb.go.cr/scij/m... n/a #68  35% 45%
39 Costa Rica

All information of laws and other valid legislation is avalilable there. Lawyers use this information daily.


39 Guatemala
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http://congreso.gob.gt/legisla... n/a #33  45% 45%
39 Guatemala

Unable to tell if open - not clearly licensed


39 Thailand
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http://www.ratchakitcha.soc.go... n/a #33  45% 45%
39 Thailand

Thailand's Legislation will be announce on the Royal Gazette (ราชกิจจุนุเบกษา) which can be accessible through The Secretariat of The Cabinet's website.

Note: Data did not change


39 Montserrat
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http://agc.gov.ms/?page_id=379... n/a n/a n/a 45%
39 Senegal
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http://www.gouv.sn/-Lois-et-re... n/a #33  45% 45%
39 Senegal

The laws registre is made available on the website of the government. All the data can be queried and downloaded


39 Sudan
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http://moj.gov.sd/index.php n/a n/a 45%
39 Sudan

The website of the Ministry of Justice ( http://moj.gov.sd/index.php ) has a search engine on the top right corner that allows users to search for Sudanese laws. The laws can be viewed only on web pages as text and cannot be downloaded in bulk. When searching for some keywords, such as "companies" (شركات) all additions of the companies law appear including one which was issued in 2015, which suggest that the content appears to be up to date.


39 Burkina Faso
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http://assembleenationale.bf/s... HTML #25  55% 45%
39 Burkina Faso

When the parliament adopt a law, they publish the document on their website, and transfers it to the secretary of the government. This organisation have developed a dedicated website (1) to publish the legislative document but the website is offline for the moment.

  1. http://www.legiburkina.bf

39 Tanzania, United Republic of
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http://www.parliament.go.tz/in... n/a #25  55% 45%
39 Tanzania, United Republic of

Parliament of Tanzania is the law making body , before they are signed by the president. in most cases , the president signs all bills turning them into laws.


39 Uruguay
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http://www.impo.com.uy/cgi-bin... HTML #33  45% 45%
39 Uruguay

Registration requirement from last year eliminated.


39 Togo
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http://www.legitogo.gouv.tg/ n/a n/a 45%
39 Togo

Laws available in PDF. Not available in bulk.


39 Georgia
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https://matsne.gov.ge/ n/a #33  45% 45%
39 Georgia

The legislation of Georgia is made available online by the Legislative Herald of Georgia, a "Legal Entity of Public Law" which is subordinate to the Ministry of Justice.

Laws and other legal documents are available via a search interface. The format of the documents is HTML; there is also a PDF download link. Neither of these qualifies as machine-readable because they would need to be scraped in order to extract the text of laws.

An offline version of the data is available for download, but only for paying users; therefore, this does not qualify as making the information available in bulk. Likewise, this downloadable version could potentially be disassembled to extract machine-readable versions of the documents, but this also doesn't qualify as machine-readable.

All government-generated information in Georgia is legally in the public domain, but the Legislative Herald Website specifies "All Rights Reserved" which could lead uneducated users to believe that the information was copyrighted. Thus, I marked this dataset as not openly licensed.

The data is updated regularly and frequently; the site is a valuable resource used by practicing lawyers in Georgia in the course of their work.


39 China
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http://www.gov.cn/flfg/index.h... n/a #25  55% 45%
39 China

nothing changed in 2015


39 Hong Kong
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http://www.legislation.gov.hk/... HTML; PDF #33  45% 45%
39 Hong Kong

In this case, the questions about 'available in bulk' and 'open licensing' are very pertinent. As per the terms of use (http://www.legislation.gov.hk/blis/eng/cr.html ), "downloading a large amount of Legislation from BLIS by program in one go" is not allowed.


39 Cayman Islands
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http://www.legislativeassembly... n/a n/a n/a 45%
39 Guernsey
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http://www.guernseylegalresour... HTML; PDF n/a 45%
39 Guernsey

Guernsey Legal Resources website: http://www.guernseylegalresources.gg/


39 Cameroon
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https://www.prc.cm/fr/multimed... n/a #68  35% 45%
39 Cameroon

Laws and regulations are published in various websites...

Prime Minister's Office http://www.spm.gov.cm/fr/documentation/lois.html Very outdated

National Assembly http://www.assnat.cm/index.php/fr/les-lois/les-lois-adoptees This is very outdated

Presidency of the Republic This is the most updated as it is easy to see that last laws published are from September. Even last speeches of the President of the Republic is online. That's why I think the last question of this survey deserves a YES. https://www.prc.cm/fr/multimedia/documents


39 Saudi Arabia
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http://www.uqn.gov.sa/Pages/De... HTML n/a 45%
39 Saudi Arabia

All legislation in Saudi is published in the Official Gazette of Saudi - Um Al Qura. This publication can be downloaded for free from its official website ( http://www.uqn.gov.sa/Pages/Default.aspx ). The most recent laws and royal orders can be easily accessed through the upper menu of the website. There is no comprehensive legal search engine on the website as the Official Gazette also publishes other information besides legislation.

It is worth noting that the Bureau of Experts at the Council of Ministers has a search engine on its website for primary legislation ( https://www.boe.gov.sa/search.aspx?lang=ar ) which could be easier to use, but it is difficult to verify if this database includes all the legislation and whether or not it is up to date.


39 Iraq
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http://www.moj.gov.iq/iraqmag/... n/a n/a n/a 45%
39 Tunisia
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http://www.e-justice.tn/index.... HTML; PDF #68  35% 45%
39 Tunisia

Update: The site for the Tunisian Official Gazette seems to be down (http://www.iort.gov.tn/), however we found the list of laws in PDF's here, http://www.e-justice.tn/index.php?id=36 (Ministry of Justice web portal, http://www.e-justice.tn/).

As stated below, recent laws projects are published in the Constituent Assembly's official website (currently, Assembly of the Representatives of the People), and we were able to find recent laws here from August 2015, (http://www.arp.tn/site/loi/AR/index.jsp), thus we assume data is timely and up to date.

Last year's comment below: Data is available on the Tunisian Official Gazette website. Also, since 2012, recent laws projects are published in the Constituent Assembly's official website: http://www.anc.tn/site/main/AR/docs/projets/liste_projets.jsp On this website, documents are available in PDF formats.


39 Tajikistan
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http://mmk.tj/ n/a n/a 45%
39 Tajikistan

Though most of the legal and normative acts are available in this website on a timely manner and free of charge, files are not in machine-readable format. Format used in the website are .doc and archived (zip, rar).

We think it is public data. Although it is proceed that published information is public information, there is no clear statements about intellectual property rights attached to the government information. There is also no clear statement for the terms and conditions of reuse, e.g. for license.

In addition, there are available proprietary information systems like "Adliya" and "Pravo Consultant" in machine readable format in the market. It is expected that Adliya will be available online and free of charge in the future. However, it is the privilege of civil servants only.


39 Azerbaijan
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http://www.lexadin.nl/wlg/legi... n/a n/a 45%
39 Azerbaijan

It seems to be openly licensed, but I can't find the URL.

QA review - Doc files are not machine readable. Change the question from Yes to No.


39 Greece
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http://www.et.gr/ n/a #25  55% 45%
39 Greece

According to Law 3861/2010, article 7 /τ.Α΄112 -13.7.2010 all laws, Ministerial Decrees, Presidential Decrees and other regulation of Greece become available online for free through the website of the National Printing Office.


39 Denmark
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https://www.retsinformation.dk... n/a #21  60% 45%
39 Denmark

The site contains no "term and conditions" and are therefore not open, however you should be able to safely reuse it.

Metadata is available in machine readable format and for bulk download: When you perform a search through Retsinformation.dk you can chose the option "Eksporter søgeresultatet" which gives you the search result in CSV - you can search for all documents to get a full CSV bulk download of the metadata of all legislation (although with 77,000 entries this sometimes over-stresses the server - if so make several queries).

Content of laws available in html-format and not as bulk-download: The section on the Lex Dania project (https://www.retsinformation.dk/Forms/R0500.aspx?page=5) outlines that all legislation is available in XML format as of 2007. So, data can be considered machine readable. But this data is not online.


39 Turkey
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http://mevzuat.basbakanlik.gov... n/a #25  55% 45%
39 Turkey

QA review - Data does not available in bulk. Data was is in PDF and not machine readable.


39 Morocco
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http://www.sgg.gov.ma/L%C3%A9g... n/a #68  35% 45%
39 Morocco

In addition to last year's comment, the Morocco official Gazette publishes the legalisations, and it seems to be updated http://en.io.gov.mo/Legis/default.aspx

Previous year's comment: The General Secretariat of the Govt has several texts of existing/promulgated laws (The Constitution, Financial and Budget laws, Labour law, Family law, etc.) and many more of draft bills ("Projets de textes diffusés aux membres du gouvernement", http://www.sgg.gov.ma/Projetsdetextesl%C3%A9gislatifsetr%C3%A9glementaires.aspx ).

I was not able to identify such documentation on the Ministry of Justice website (www.justice.gov.ma ), yet the ADALA (http://adala.justice.gov.ma/AR/home.aspx) database seems to be the focal point where legislation content is published.

The legislative documents do not seem published on a timely basis: many of the recently adopted laws are not featured on any of these websites. This is for ex. the case for the widely discussed "rape law" (the Penal Code provision which used to allow the aggressor to marry the victim in order to avoid jail sentence) which was amended in January 2014 (http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-actu/2014/01/22/97001-20140122FILWWW00619-maroc-loi-sur-le-viol-amendee.php).


39 Israel
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http://main.knesset.gov.il/Act... n/a #88  20% 45%
39 Israel

All the law data is now up, starting from British Mandate times (pre-state Israel) - although pre-1948 data is partial and will be completed in the future.

There are also plans to publish all protocols, legislation proposals (including amendments), and protocols of Knesset Committees.

Data about progress of these can be found (in Hebrew only), in this link:

http://main.knesset.gov.il/Activity/Legislation/Laws/Pages/LawAboutSite.aspx


39 Norway
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http://lovdata.no n/a #85  30% 45%
39 Norway

Editor: For private use, the data is available free of charge. However, commercial use requires a angreement ( read: subscription ) http://www.lovdata.no/info/lovavtale.html

No changes since 2013.

Reviewer-note 2014: Lovdata mentions an API on their webpage: https://lovdata.no/info/api Plans for the future?

QA review 2015: The website mention that the data is for non commercial use - "Some of the legal documents are available free of charge to all non-subscribers; and such documents may be used on a personal basis as long as such use is for a non-profit and/or non-commercial purpose." Changed license to not open.


39 Slovakia
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http://jaspi.justice.gov.sk/ HTML #33  45% 45%
39 Slovakia

Legally binding is only paper version of statute. Data can be easily scraped from web page. There is a copyright notice so "no" is filled for open license.


39 Russian Federation
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http://pravo.gov.ru HTML, PDF #33  45% 45%
39 Russian Federation

Brief Description: All Russian laws and other official documents that came from government ministries, agencies and federal services published using a few government websites. Base website is http://pravo.gov.ru - this project is being maintained by Federal Security Service (FSS) and this website is keystone for Russian laws disclosure. A few serious issues exists with Russian laws: 1. No machine readable data 2. No bulk download 3. No open licenses for laws 4. Government websites not integrated with pravo.gov.ru instead they provide links to the commercial providers of laws information like Russian companies "Consultant" (http://consultant.ru) and "Garant" (http://www.garant.ru). 5. Laws published on many of government websites available as "high quality scanned images". Step by step explanation 1. Does the data exist? Yes, at http://pravo.gov.ru

  1. Is data in digital form? Yes, data available via website pravo.gov.ru

  2. Publicly available? Yes, this data is publicly available. We don't need FOI request to get it.

  3. Is the data available for free? Yes, this data is available for free. No payment is required.

  4. Is the data available online? Yes. Data available at http://pravo.gov.ru

  5. Is the data machine readable? No, it's only HTML pages.

  6. Available in bulk? No, data is not available for bulk download

  7. Openly licensed? No, this data is public domain data but no open license available.

  8. Is the data provided on a timely and up to date basis? Yes, this information updated frequently, on daily basis.

Comment: No updates since 2013 year Comment: No updates since 2014 year


39 Lebanon
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http://www.pcm.gov.lb/arabic/l... n/a #89  10% 45%
39 Lebanon

The format of data is GIF.


39 Kazakhstan
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http://adilet.zan.kz/eng n/a n/a 45%
39 Kazakhstan

The information provided satisfies minimum eligibility criterias. The data is not machine readable and can be downloaded in pdf and docx. The information provided by government officials in Kazakhstan (by default) is open for reuse, publishing as cited by the law.


39 Portugal
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http://dre.pt/index.html PDF #33  45% 45%
39 Portugal

The new DRE portal, published in 2014, has the same limitations as the previous one. Access to text versions (not PDF) and full-text search are only available through a paid subscription.


39 Latvia
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http://likumi.lv n/a #33  45% 45%
39 Latvia

Likumi.lv is a legislation website ensuring free access to systematized (consolidated) legislation of the Republic of Latvia. Its operation is regulated by the Law on Official Publications and Legal Information. - http://likumi.lv/about.php

  • likumi.lv is for systematized, consolidated laws and other legislative acts (complete texts) while https://www.vestnesis.lv/ publishes official decisions which are incremental (you may have separate publications for the initial law and tens of amendments. - if there are any inconsistencies between these two sources, what was published in Latvijas Vēstnesis is the official version. That's why the law states that Latvijas Vēstnesis is the official publication and likumi.lv is for "informative purposes".

The official publisher Latvijas Vestnesis does not receive budget funding for maintenance of Likumi.lv. It is maintained from the earnings of Latvijas Vestnesis (the costs are covered from the charge for the official publication paid by the information submitter, unless otherwise provided by a law or Cabinet Regulations).

Regarding information reuse Likumi.lv points to the legislation that determines how this information can be reused and sets the fee for reuse (however, it is not clear what is meant by reuse and if, e.g., publishing law excerpts on a website requires paying the fee or not):

See also:

Update (2015): the situation is the same as in 2014. This data is free to read but definitely not openly licensed as its terms of use state that:

  • there is a fee for data reuse
  • you may publish links to its entries (i.e. deep links to the website) provided that you attribute the data source

39 Rwanda
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http://www.primature.gov.rw/in... n/a #33  45% 45%
39 Rwanda

All new laws passed by the Rwandan parliament are 'gazetted' and then published on the website of the Office of the Prime Minister in PDF form. Unfortunately the gazettes can each contain several laws passed on a single date so this can make it more complicated to find the correct law that you are looking for as they are indexed by the date of the gazette rather than by the title of the legislation.

Rwandan legislation is published in all three of the official national languages: English, French and Kinyarwanda.


39 Libya
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http://itcadel.gov.ly/decision... n/a n/a 45%
39 Libya

As Libya has been in political chaos since February 2014. The legislation data are published by two bodies. Tripoli-based government, managed by the General National Congress, and Cyrenaica-based government, controlled by the Libyan House of Representatives. Each publishes their own legislation separately through (http://www.gnc.gov.ly/legislation_page.aspx) and (http://www.libyan-parliament.org/) respectfully. The laws are published in Arabic. An English version of some laws can be found in this non-governmental website (http://www.security-legislation.ly/).

Also, the Ministry of Justice, the Information and Documentation Center (http://itcadel.gov.ly/decision/), and its official magazine (http://www.log.gov.ly/home/) list the laws and legislation but not in a timely manner.


39 Iran, Islamic Republic of
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http://dotic.ir/ n/a n/a 45%
39 Iran, Islamic Republic of

This site (http://dotic.ir/ also http://www.qavanin.ir/) provides a list of laws in Iran with search capabilities. Data can also be acquired from there on a CD, but not sure how the format is there. We found laws with 1394 as their date-stamp, 1394 is the current year in the Iranian calendar. Thus, we think data provided is up to date.


39 Belgium
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http://www.belgielex.be n/a #33  45% 45%
39 Belgium

Structure of laws / law books could be improved: most legislation is available in HTML, but it misses semantic markup. Jurisprudence can be searched / viewed in a flash-based application.


39 Dominican Republic
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http://www.consultoria.gov.do/... n/a n/a 45%
39 Dominican Republic

We can say the data is provided on a timely and up to date basis because you can find legislation made in 2015.


39 Australia
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http://www.comlaw.gov.au/ HTML, ... #33  45% 45%
39 Australia

Legislation is not openly licensed. According to http://www.comlaw.gov.au/Content/Copyright, legislation is licenced under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence Australia v3.0 (which is not open).

Data is not machine-readable as data is either PDF or (poorly structured HTML) and is not bulk as you can only access one item at a time.


39 Switzerland
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http://www.admin.ch/ch/d/as/in... PDF #33  45% 45%
39 Switzerland

Reproduction requires prior written consent, as per Terms and Conditions of the Federal Authorities. See Official Compilation of Federal Legislation (Wikipedia) for additional background in English.


39 South Africa
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http://www.gov.za/documents/ac... PDF #33  45% 45%
39 South Africa

The government makes available all promulgated acts, including amendments. Consolidated legislation is not available. Users must consolidate the legislation themselves.

There are aggregators of legislation making this data available in HTML and PDF formats. See http://www.acts.co.za/index.html, http://www.lawsofsouthafrica.up.ac.za/, http://www.saflii.org/za/legis/num_act/


39 Bermuda
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http://www.bermudalaws.bm/defa... n/a #33  45% 45%
39 Bermuda

Seemingly no changes since 2013 submission.


39 Singapore
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http://statutes.agc.gov.sg/ HTML, ... n/a 45%
39 Singapore

The site contains up-to-date information on legislation but is not bulk or machine-readable (simple HTML). On open license terms and conditions at http://statutes.agc.gov.sg/aol/page.w3p;paId=AOL_PUBLIC_TERMS_CONDITIONS states "(5) Except as otherwise provided, the Contents of this Web Site shall not be reproduced, republished, uploaded, posted, transmitted or otherwise distributed in any way, without the prior written permission of AGC." Data didn't change


92 Botswana
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http://www.elaws.gov.bw/ n/a #68  35% 35%
92 Botswana

Reviewer's comment: Submission seems largely correct, but I've changed a couple of markings: Machine readable changed from 'Unsure' to 'No' (because it's mainly pdf format). Bulk changed to 'No', since download requires accessing each law separately. Data update for December 2012.


92 Guyana
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http://legalaffairs.gov.gy/inf... n/a n/a 35%
92 Guyana

The laws of Guyana are available on the Ministry of Legal Affairs website (http://legalaffairs.gov.gy/) via the following links:

http://legalaffairs.gov.gy/information/laws-of-guyana

Whilst subsequent Acts and amendments are available on the Parliament of the Cooperative Republic of Guyana website (http://parliament.gov.gy/) website via the following link:

http://parliament.gov.gy/publications/acts-of-parliament/

All for your information and consideration.


92 Panama
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http://infojuridica.procuradur... n/a #68  35% 35%
92 Panama

Most statues, resolutions and regulations are available either from government websites such as Infojurídica or third parties. The problem lies in the quality of the documents, which for some reason are sometimes printed, then scanned into PDFs and uploaded, rendering them unsearchable (document quality is also sometimes an issue).


92 Bolivia, Plurinational State of
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http://silep.vicepresidencia.g... n/a n/a n/a 35%
92 Benin
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http://legibenin.net/index.php... n/a #92  0% 35%
92 Benin

The national laws are made available by a collaboration between the Ministry of justice, the Abomey-Calavi University and the national school of administration and magistrate. This collaboration have lead to a website (1) where many law can be queried and downloaded.


92 Iceland
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http://www.althingi.is/vefur/l... HTML #68  35% 35%
92 Iceland

Legislation by law is exempt from copyright but that is not explicitly stated and therefore it cannot be considered openly licensed. Statutes are not available in bulk nor can be accessed easily. The bulk version of the legislation is only updated 2-3 times a year.

Statutes are available at http://reglugerd.is


92 United Arab Emirates
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http://www.elaws.gov.ae/Defaul... n/a n/a 35%
92 United Arab Emirates

The Ministry of Justice has a website for accessing federal UAE laws, supreme court judgements, and official legal opinions. ( http://www.elaws.gov.ae/DefaultAr.aspx ).

This website does not appear to be up to date and does not include some core laws such as the laws relating to the annual budget.

The primary platform for publishing legislation in the UAE is the Official Gazette, which is available offline for a fee.


92 Trinidad and Tobago
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http://www.legalaffairs.gov.tt... n/a n/a 35%
92 Trinidad and Tobago

Ministry of Legal Affairs publishes the constitution, revised laws and other acts on their website. These documents are available as a PDF online. Other versions are available for purchase.


92 Algeria
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http://www.joradp.dz/HAR/Codes... n/a n/a 35%
92 Algeria

The Algerian Official Gazette publishes the laws here (http://www.joradp.dz/HAR/Codes.htm). They are categorised and divided into separation PDF files accordingly.

Here is an example for one of the documents, http://www.joradp.dz/TRV/APPenal.pdf , you can see a table in the end with amendments and dates.

Note: We couldn't tell when the PDF files with legal articles are updates, though, the most recent issues of gazette are available, which might indicate an up to date laws. (We marked the timely question as unsure)

Here you can see issued gazettes (http://www.joradp.dz/JRN/ZA2015.htm), the latest when we checked was on August 23, 2015. And here you can search (http://www.joradp.dz/SCRIPTS/JOA_Div.dll/RecGet)


92 El Salvador
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http://www.jurisprudencia.gob.... n/a #68  35% 35%
92 El Salvador

It is not allowed to use the data of the website for commercial uses. The legislation is available in PDF format


92 Saint Kitts and Nevis
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http://www.gov.kn/ PDF n/a 35%
92 Saint Kitts and Nevis

Currently the government website is currently under maintenance.


92 Barbados
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http://www.investbarbados.org/... PDF n/a 35%
92 Barbados

selected business legislation on the inward investment section: http://www.investbarbados.org/legislation.php only draft legislation on Barbados Parliament website: http://barbadosparliament.com/


92 Bahamas
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http://laws.bahamas.gov.bs/cms... PDF n/a 35%
92 Bahamas

consolidated up to 31 December 2009 + 2010 but no reference to 2011, 2012 or 2013


92 Grenada
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http://laws.gov.gd/ n/a n/a 35%
92 Grenada

The site did not provide any explicit licencing to indicate whether it was Open licensed or not. Also it did not indicate the frequency to which it was updated. The copyright was however dated 2013.


92 Albania
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http://www.qbz.gov.al/botime/b... n/a n/a 35%
92 Albania

These data do exist , there are laws that are published by the Center of Official Publications, but still there are laws and acts that are missing. Also previous studies made from non-profit organisation has shown that very often there is a delay in making public the court decisions and amendments, this does not help the updating process.

Another problematic issue is the comparative explanation from law to law, that makes very difficult for the public to easily understand the meaning of legal consequences.


107 Côte d'Ivoire
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n/a n/a #90  5% 30%
107 Côte d'Ivoire

The National Assembly website does have a "Travaux Parlementiares" tab under which it would appear, national legislation is suppose to be published. Unfortunately, most links are either dead or do not navigate to anything.

Important texts and legislation can be found:


107 Ecuador
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http://www.registroficial.gob.... n/a #85  30% 30%
107 Ecuador

Subscription to Registro Oficial currently costs USD 140 per semester for digital version including taxes. It includes all laws, statutes and regulations since 2009. Many laws are available online for free, but only Registro Oficial includes all published and valid laws, regulations from every government office.


109 Kuwait
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http://kuwaitalyawm.media.gov.... n/a n/a 25%
109 Kuwait

You need to need to loge-in in order to see the legislations. The data format is PDF.

Reviewer's comment: According to original submitter, you need to login, thus, changed publicly available to no. (Technical Glitch, while re submitting, the system forced me to set the available for free question to false)


109 Cambodia
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n/a n/a #68  35% 25%
109 Cambodia

Data found from the official website The National Assembly of The Kingdom of Cambodia http://en.nac-kh.org/httpdocs/naweb/english/group-law/53. Data found not in digital format. All data are in PDF format.


111 Guinea
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n/a n/a n/a #92  0% 10%
112 Niger
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n/a n/a n/a 5%
112 Niger

After the adoptions, the laws are available at the national assembly for free. It is not yet published by default on the website of the assembly, but can be found on independent websites.


112 Turks and Caicos Islands
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n/a n/a n/a 5%
112 Turks and Caicos Islands

There is a webpage for Turks and Caicos house of assembly, however, I could not find any source for legislation. Data therefore exist, but the form of it is unknown.


112 Syria
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n/a n/a n/a 5%
112 Syria

All legislations are published as bulletin "the Official Gazette". it is nowhere to be found online.

There is web page for Syrian decrees and laws on Syrian e-Gov Web Portal official website, but we are not sure if all legislations are available there, and how often is updated (http://portal.egov.sy/law.ar_law/en/0/0/module.page.html).


112 Malaysia
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n/a n/a n/a 5%
112 Malaysia

From the Attorney General’s Chambers of Malaysia official portal, there datasets are not available. Given that the institution is in the Federal State territory, submitting for Freedom of Information request is impossible because there is no Freedom of Information Act for the Federal State Wilayah Persekutuan.


112 Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of
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http://www.justice.gov.mk/LDBI... n/a #33  45% 5%
112 Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of

The Ministry of Justice maintains a data base of all the legal documents: http://www.justice.gov.mk/LDBISReader/SearchLawRegulation.aspx Users can perform a search. Unfortunately, only the first 30 results are shown (currently there are 38 081 documents in the database). There is no bulk download available.


117 Jordan
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http://www.pm.gov.jo/arabic/in... n/a n/a 0%
117 Jordan

All legislation are published as bulletin the Official Gazette which can be found at cabinet presidency website. You can choose any year or the search for number or subject of the legislation. It is on daily basis. The format of the data are: PDF and TIFF

The legislation under public domain according to Jordanian copyright law


117 Ethiopia
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